Garry (ou Garri ou Gary) Kimovitch Kasparov (en russe : Гарри Кимович Каспаров), né le 13 avril 1963 à Bakou (RSS d'Azerbaïdjan, URSS), est un joueur d'échecs soviétique puis russe. En exil depuis 2013, il a acquis la nationalité croate en 2014 et vit aujourd'hui à New York.
How Life Imitates Chess, 2007[modifier]
- (en) Having spent a lifetime analyzing the game of chess and comparing the capacity of computers to the capacity of the human brain, I've often wondered, where does our success come from? The answer is synthesis, the ability to combine creativity and calculation, art and science, into a whole that is much greater than the sum of its parts. Chess is a unique cognitive nexus, a place where art and science come together in the human mind, and are then refined and improved by experience.
- How Life Imitates Chess, Garry Kasparov (trad. Wikiquote), éd. William Heinemann Ltd., 2007, Opening Gambit, Why Chess?, p. 4
- (en) It's not enough to be talented. It's not enough to work hard and to study late into the night. You must also become intimately aware of the methods you use to reach your decisions.
- How Life Imitates Chess, Garry Kasparov (trad. Wikiquote), éd. William Heinemann Ltd., 2007, Part I, Chapter 1, The Lesson, p. 14
- (en) Caissa, the goddess of chess, had punished me for my conservative play, for betraying my nature.
- How Life Imitates Chess, Garry Kasparov (trad. Wikiquote), éd. William Heinemann Ltd., 2007, Part III, Chapter 15, Crisis Point, p. 188
- (en) [C]hess is not a game for dictators for numerous reasons. One, it's transparent. It’s all information hundred percent available so you know exactly what you have, you know exactly what your opponent has. You don’t know what he or she is thinking, but you definitely know what kind of resources your opponent can use to hurt you, to damage your position. Also, chess is very much a strategic game so you have to think long-term. Dictators don’t think long-term. Dictators, especially who are in power for so long as Putin is, they have to work on the survival mode. Because it’s all about today, maybe tomorrow morning. Everything that helps us survive is good. Because the moment the dictator thinks long-term, he’ll definitely miss guys from his own entourage hitting him in his own back. The game that defines dictators much better is poker because it’s about bluffs. It doesn’t matter whether you have a strong hand or weak hand. You can have a weak hand, but if you’re comfortable bluffing, raising stakes, and if you can read your opponent.
- « Garry Kasparov II », Garry Kasparov (propos recueillis par Bill Kristol), Conversations with Bill Kristol, 24 avril 2016 (lire en ligne)