Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski, né le 28 mars 1928 à Varsovie en Pologne et mort le 26 mai 2017 à Falls Church (Virginie, États-Unis), est un politologue américain d'origine polonaise. Il a été, entre autres, conseiller à la sécurité nationale du Président des États-Unis Jimmy Carter, de 1977 à 1981.
Between Two Ages - 1970[modifier]
- (en) Marxism is simultaneously a victory of the external, active man over the inner, passive man and a victory of reason over belief.
Le Grand Échiquier - 1997[modifier]
- (en) It is imperative that no Eurasian challenger emerges, capable of dominating Eurasia and thus of also challenging America. The formulation of a comprehensive and intergrated Eurasian geostrategy is therefore the purpose of this book.
- (en) The public supported America's engagement in World War II largely because of the shock effect of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
- (en) It is also a fact that America is too democratic at home to be autocratic abroad. This limits the use of America's power, especially its capacity for military intimidation. Never before has a populist democracy attained international supremacy. But the pursuit of power is not a goal that commands popular passion, except in conditions of a sudden threat or challenge to the public's sense of domestic well-being. The economic self-denial (that is defense spending), and the human sacrifice (casualties even among professional soldiers) required in the effort are uncongenial to democratic instincts. Democracy is inimical to imperial mobilization.
- (en) Two basic steps are thus required: first to identify the geostrategically dynamic Eurasian states that have the power to cause a potentially important shift in the international distribution of power and to decipher the central external goals of their respective political elites and the likely consequences of their seeking to attain them; [...] second to formulate specific U.S. policies to offset, co-opt, and/or control the above
- (en) Tu put it in a terminology that harkens back to the more brutal age of ancient empires, the three grand imperatives of imperial geostrategy are to prevent collusion and maintain security dependance among the vassels, to keep tributaries pliant and protected, and to keep the barbarians from coming together.
- (en) Public opinion polls suggest that only a small minority (13 percent) of Americans favor the proposition that 'as the sole remaining superpower, the US should continue to be the preeminent world leader in solving international problems'. [...] As America becomes an increasingly multicultural society, it may find it more difficult to fashion a consensus on foreign policy issues, except in the circumstance of a truly massive and widely perceived direct external threat. [...] More generally, cultural change in America may also be uncongenial to the sustained exercise abroad of genuinely imperial power. That exercise requires a high degree of doctrinal motivation, intellectual commitment, and patriotic gratification. [...] Mass communications have been playing a particularly important role in that regard, generating a strong revulsion against any selective use of force that entails even low levels of casualties [...] In brief, the U.S. Policy goals must be un-apologetically twofold: to perpetuate America's own dominant position for at least a generation and preferably longer
Europe de l’Est[modifier]