Washington Irving, né le 3 avril 1783 dans le quartier de Manhattan, à New York, mort le 28 novembre 1859 à Tarrytown, est un écrivain américain du début du XIXe siècle. Il est surtout connu pour ses nouvelles, mais il a aussi écrit de nombreux essais et biographies.
Les Contes de l'Alhambra, 1832[modifier]
- « Réflexion sur la domination des Arabes en Espagne » (1832), dans Les Contes de l'Alhambra, Washington Irving, éd. H. Fournier, 1832, t. 1, p. 81
- « Réflexion sur la domination des Arabes en Espagne » (1832), dans Les Contes de l'Alhambra, Washington Irving, éd. H. Fournier, 1832, t. 1, p. 83-84
Mahomet and his successors, 1849[modifier]
- (en) In his private dealings he was just. He treated friends and strangers, the rich and poor, the powerful and weak, with equity, and was beloved by the common people for the affability with which he received them, and listened to their complaints.
- Mahomet and his successors, Washington Irving (trad. Wikiquote), éd. George P. Putnam, 1850, p. 330
- (en) Many of the visions and revelations handed down as having been given by him are spurious. The miracles ascribed to him are all fabrications of Moslem zealots. He expressly and repeatedly disclaimed all miracles excepting the Koran ; which, considering its incomparable merit, and the way in which it had come down to him from heaven, he pronounced the greatest of miracles. And here we must indulge a few observations on this famous document. While zealous Moslems and some of the most learned doctors of the faith draw proofs of its divine origin from the inimitable excellence of its style and composition, and the avowed illiteracy of Mahomet, less devout critics have pronounced it a chaos of beauties and defects; without method or arrangement; full of obscurities, incoherencies, repetitions, false versions of scriptural stories, and direct contradictions. The truth is that the Koran as it now exists is not the same Koran delivered by Mahomet to his disciples, but has undergone many corruptions and interpolations.
- Mahomet and his successors, Washington Irving (trad. Wikiquote), éd. George P. Putnam, 1850, p. 330-331
- (en) His military triumphs awakened no pride nor vain glory, as they would have done had they been effected for selfish purposes. In the time of his greatest power he maintained the same simplicity of manners and appearance as in the days of his adversity. So far from affecting a regal state, he was displeased if, on entering a room, any unusual testimonials of respect were shown to him. If he aimed at a universal dominion, it was the dominion of faith; as to the temporal rule which grew up in his hands, as he used it without ostentation, so he took no step to perpetuate it in his family.
- Mahomet and his successors, Washington Irving (trad. Wikiquote), éd. George P. Putnam, 1850, p. 339